more on open access and intellectual property…

Comps reviews today tells us lest not we forget…

WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization

DMCA: Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998 combines two WIPO treaties

FAIR USE act entered into legislation in 2007 and seeks permission of libraries and institutions of education to circumvent technological barriers placed on the access of information. Makes the six temporary exemptions (nonprofit library, archive and education institution; reverse engineering; encryption research; protection of minors; personal privacy; and security testing) permanent.

Per Wikipedia (the “authority” threatening authority): Open access is the subject of much discussion among academics, librarians, university administrators, government officials, commercial publishers and academic publishers.

Advantages of Open Access:
Authors of such articles, who will see their papers more read, more cited, and better integrated into the structure of science
Academic readers in general at institutions that cannot afford the journal, or where the journal is out of scope
Researchers at smaller institutions, where their library cannot afford the journal
Readers in general, who may be interested in the subject matter, raising societal knowledge
The general public, who will have the opportunity to see what scientific research is about, raising societal knowledge
Taxpayers who will see the results of the research they pay for
Patients and those caring for them, who will be able to keep abreast of medical research
Global knowledge sharing

Disadvantages of Open Access:
Authors need to have a sponsor or be employed
Publishers need pay-for-access compensation
Question of peer-review and publisher “gate-keeper of authority and accuracy
Opponents question the “inability to pay” argument

Stakeholders: authors, readers, publishers, libraries


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