More comps review…

As noted below… If you are an information professional, can you hold your own in a discussion about these topics?

Communities of Practice: self-organized, deliberate collaboration of people who share common practices and interests and want to advance their knowledge; informal networks where tips are exchanged and ideas generated; fly fishing example

Internet filtering software issues are access and security trade-off AND productivity. Disadvantages include way that management perceives an increase of productivity and regulation of activities but really promotes distrust, i.e. not supportive of a learning organization, ALSO amount of time and attention, i.e. resources, from IT to monitor this ALSO blocks info needed by employees, i.e. access, ALSO affects knowledge sharing. Benefits include increased technical security, and management of content available to employees. Censorship and legal ramifications are that it may violate ALA core values and court has set precedence about ways to protect constitutional rights. Criteria for selecting appropriate software would be to create an RFP and follow organizational protocol and values for selection process.

Why a professional code of ethics? To provide standard policies and procedures to ensure equal treatment, access, service, etc…

Current ethical dilemmas: Intellectual freedom; intellectual property, OAJ; digital divide; Patriot Act; censorship, i.e, PICO; Print vs. digital and preservation, i.e. maintain all media; content filtering.

 Leadership styles: autocratic (authority and obedience); custodial (security and passivity); supportive (employee participation and performance); and collegial (teamwork and self-realization). Collegial works best for a learning organization, as evidenced by Klein and Sauders’ book “10 Steps to a Learning Organization” and Peter Senge’s book “The Fifth Discipline” and his concept of self-mastery and emotional intelligence. Get out of hierarchical decision-making mode and into knowledge sharing mode so management and staff buy-into it.

Security precautions for disasters: part of a large info security plan; preparedness; key = personnel with management backing and specific policies and procedures; disaster recovery plan to avoid panic; printed copy of plans in hand of all key personnel; footprint of physical equipment; off-site back-up

Ways to determine how “good” a document or website is: date of creation/update; author; peer-review/authority; history/longevity of publication or website; facework, i.e. links or citations; were found, i.e. academic database or wikipedia; accuracy; sponsors; objectivity and coverage, i.e. what it is about and how in-depth it is.

Info professional’s role in promoting ethical access to and use of both print and digital materials: ALA’s core value of preservation; mixed with access and diversity, i.e. digital divide; service, i.e. information literacy, help person to frame their question to help them find what they need and educating user 

As an info professional in a professional setting, if someone asks you for medical or legal advice, what help can you give them and why? More important what you DON’T do—don’t give professional advice in area that is not your profession; Help users identify and frame the question so we can lead them to the sources they need; information literacy and showing user how to find it; help user judge authority

Controlled vocabularies vs. natural language: compare in terms of precision/recall; ambiguity; flexibility; and learning time for users. Academic databases vs. Google; learning how to access controlled vocabulary and precise results vs. mass of info provided in natural language; Google offers flexibility.

Intellectual freedom: The right of every individual to both seek and receive information from all points of view without restriction. It provides for free access to all expressions of ideas through which any and all sides of a question, cause or movement may be explored. Intellectual freedom encompasses the freedom to hold, receive and disseminate ideas. 

Information Life Cycle: creation, storage, organization, indexing or retrieval

 

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